History of Zionist Israel (Episode 5): World Politics and the Palestine Defeat – Developed

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Throughout the twentieth century, the crisis in the Middle East has been discussed as much as in any other corner of the world. The Middle East crisis was centered around Israel’s conflict with Palestine and the Arab states.

Annapolis Conference, 2006; image: wikipedia

This conflict has not been resolved in any corner. Even Annapalis Summit (December, 2006) In the end, a big question has arisen, that is, what will be the solution to this conflict? Towards the end of the twentieth century, a new dimension to the Middle East crisis emerged, namely, the first Gulf War centered on the occupation of Kuwait by Iraq.

Yet the scale and depth of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is much greater. Much of this conflict has centered on Western theorists, especially Professor Huntington, who, according to the scholar, presented the conflict of his famous theory of civilization. Three wars have erupted in the Middle East over the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

In those wars the Arab states were defeated. Although the Arab states (Egypt) later reclaimed their lost land in a series of agreements, the main problem today is that an independent Palestinian state has not yet been formed.

Palestine Liberation Organization; image: wikipedia

Although several summits were held in the late twentieth century, the results were nil. Those talks were mainly initiated by the United States. For almost ten years before the Annapolis summit (where 44 Arab states and organizations agreed), no initiative was taken to resolve the Palestinian problem. The last discussion was held in 1996.

The “We River” agreement signed between Israel and the Palestinian Authority near Washington on October 23, 1997, marked a major turning point in Israeli politics.

Their antagonism and refusal to withdraw from the occupied Arab territories in accordance with the terms of the agreement created uncertainty in the Middle East peace process. Earlier, on January 15, 1997, an agreement was signed in Hebron on the expansion of the Palestinian Authority. As a result, Israeli troops withdrew from 70 percent of Hebron. That agreement is important for many reasons. This is because the ruling government in Israel has previously refused to sign such an agreement.

PLO in 1993 (Palestine Liberation Organization) And the peace treaty that was signed between Israel called for the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Hebron. About 130,000 Palestinians and about 500 Jews live in Hebron. The Hebrew name of the city is Hebron, and the Arabic name is Al Khalil. It is a place of pilgrimage for Muslims, Christians and Jews. During the 1967 Middle East war, Israel occupied the city from Jordan.

Palestine
Yasser Arafat; image: wikimedia
The dream of an independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital has been dashed. Netanyahu opposes such a state. The prospect of peace in the Hebron Agreement is now being shattered by the Jewish settlement in East Jerusalem.

Israel is implementing a plan to build 6,000 settlements here. On December 6, 2016, US President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. It was one of the most heinous betrayals in history.

Despite repeated setbacks to the peace process, elections were held on January 20, 1996, for the first time in the Palestinian territories. It was the election of the President and Parliament of the self-governing region. He was elected the first Palestinian president with more than 7% of the 1 million voters Yasser Arafat. The PLO’s Arafat group Al-Qatah won 50 of the six seats in parliament. 23 independent candidates also won. They were also allies of Arafat.

It was through that election that Muslims dreamed of an independent Palestinian state. Undoubtedly, that election was very important for the establishment of lasting peace in the Middle East. Elections have since been held in the autonomous Palestinian territories. The sad news of the peace process was the death of Robin. But the former prime minister of Israel Isaac Rabin also died There were no obstacles in the peace process.

Current Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu; image: ABC News

Robin was shot dead by an extremist Jew on November 4, 1995. Israel wanted to put the blame for his death on Palestinian Muslims. But many conspiracies and blueprints could not cover the real events. He died at the hands of a Jew. Those who were optimistic about peace in the Middle East were shocked by the incident. It was unusual for them.

US President Bill Clinton himself attended the state shake ceremony in Jerusalem. This incident proves how important Israel is in US politics! Not only that, but three planes were used by influential figures in American politics to attend state shakes.

Egyptian President Hesni Mubarak, who signed the Camp David Accords in September 1967 and established relations with Israel, was assassinated in 1981 by Egyptian President Hesni Mubarak. The same thing happened to Rabin.

There have been many changes in Middle East politics in recent times. The deal has been multiple. But the fate of the oppressed Palestinian Muslims has not changed. That is, an atmosphere of peaceful coexistence between Jews and Palestinians has never been created. The crisis that erupted in 1948 with the creation of the Jewish state of Israel in the heart of the Middle East, today, almost 63 years later, cannot be said to have been resolved. On the contrary, thousands of Palestinians are losing their homes in the wrath of the Jews.

The enmity between the Jews and the Palestinians cannot be completely eradicated. Some individuals from both societies have occasionally taken steps to reduce this animosity. But that initiative has stopped again and again. Hundreds of innocent Muslims die every year because of the stubborn and belligerent attitude of the Jews. Even women and children are not left out. Peace talks there are absurd.

Washington Treaty, 1993

About Palestinian Autonomy The Washington Treaty was a historic one Events. The peace treaty recognized limited autonomy in the Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip and the West Bank city of Jericho. The area was occupied by the Israeli army during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. The agreement was signed in September, following an atmosphere of peaceful coexistence between Israel and the PLO. Washington Peace Accord.

Simon Perez signs Washington deal; image: time magazine

Earlier, on September 10, 1993, Israel and the PLO recognized each other. That was a historic event. The long-running enmity came to an end with mutual recognition and the signing of the peace treaty. At one point, the PLO National Council’s decision to destroy the Jewish state of Israel was overturned.

The one who took the most initiative in establishing a peace agreement between Israel and the PLO was the late Norwegian Foreign Minister Johann Jর্গrgen Halst. But is it possible to coexist with the Zionists by signing a peace treaty?

Secret talks between the PLO and Israel have been going on in Norway for a long time. As a result of the secret talks, the PLO and Israel recognized each other. The document, signed between the PLO and Israel, consisted of three letters. The first two are letters addressed to PLO leader Yasser Arafat and former Israeli Prime Minister Isaac Rabin. The rest of the letter is Yasser Arafat’s letter to the mediating Norwegian Foreign Minister Halst.

Yasser Arafat meets Isaac Rabin, Bill Clinton in the middle; image: CNN archive

The first letter was written to Arafat Rabin on September 9, 1993. In it, he pledged the existence of the state of Israel and the peaceful resolution of the conflict between the two sides. Robin replied on 10 September. In it, he acknowledged the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and called for talks with the PLO. In his third letter, Arafat described the PLO’s plan to call on the Palestinian people to end the violence.

The peace agreement signed in Washington was important for many reasons. Former US Presidents Jimmy Carter and George W. Bush, along with former US President Bill Clinton, were present at the signing ceremony. The peace treaty was signed by the United States and Russia. It is pertinent to mention here that the Middle East peace talks started in October 1991 in Madrid in the presence and joint presidency of then US President George W. Bush and former Soviet President Gorbachev.

The presence of former President Jimmy Carter at the signing of the peace agreement is also significant. It was in Carter’s presence that a power pact was signed at Camp David in 1989 by then-Israeli Prime Minister Begin and former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Continuing that peace agreement, he signed an agreement with the PLO, which represents Israel and the Palestinians, in Washington in the presence of former US President Clinton.

Egypt recognized Israel in 1967 and lost the 1967 war to Sinai. After 14 years, the PLO recognized Israel. The cities of Gaza and Jericho were returned in exchange. It was undoubtedly
It is a landmark event and marks the beginning of a lasting peace in the Middle East. But the sad news for Arafat is that he has failed to secure the full support of the Palestinian people. Hamas, which opposes the peace deal, has boycotted Palestinian elections.

We River Treaty, 1997

Yasser Arafat signs We River agreement; image: anadulu news agency

We River agreement It is called land exchange agreement. The agreement was signed in 1997, ending a long 19-month stalemate. The agreement was also signed by US President Bill Clinton and the late King Hassan of Jordan. Notable aspects of the agreement include:

  • Between handing over 13 percent of the Israeli-occupied Arab West Bank territory to the Palestinians, the Palestinian Authority will declare 3 percent of the area a “green belt” or “protected area.” The security of the Israelis living in that green belt and the suppression of terrorism will be in the hands of the Israeli authorities.
  • Both sides have agreed on counter-terrorism, and the terrorists will be tried in accordance with their respective jurisdictions, and a committee consisting of Jews and Palestinians will review the counter-terrorism measures every two weeks.
  • 3. The Palestinian Authority will issue a decree banning all forms of violence and terrorist activities.
  • 4. The two sides will continue to pursue a comprehensive bilateral program, including the exchange of forensic experts and trainers on the issue of security cooperation.
  • 5. The National Committee of the PLO and the Palestinian Central Council will expel anti-Israel clauses from their national charters.

But in the face of all these agreements and international pressure, Palestine has repeatedly lost. Israel, on the other hand, has only made a show of force, but to date it has not fulfilled the terms of a single agreement. And for this, they did not have to read even in the face of a little pressure from the international arena.

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